Wisconsin has been home to various cultures over the past 12,000 years. The first person arrived around 10,000 BC during the Wisconsin glaciation. These early people, called Paleo-Indians, hunted prehistoric animals that we can no longer see today due to their extinction. After the ice age ended around 8000 BC, people in the next Archaic Period lived by hunting, fishing and gathering food from wild plants. On the other hand, before we continue, if you think that you are a true fan of modern-day Wisconsin, it will be hard for you to prove that without buying a wisconsin apparel.

Agricultural societies emerged gradually during the Woodland period between 1000 BC to 1000 AD. Towards the end of this period, Wisconsin was the heart of the “Effound Mound culture,” which was built by thousands of mound-shaped animals throughout the landscape. Then, between 1000 and 1500 CE, the culture of Mississippian and Oneota built substantial settlements including a castle village in Aztalan in southeast Wisconsin. The Oneota is probably the ancestor of the modern Ioway and Ho-Chunk tribes, who shared the Wisconsin area with Menominee at the time of European contact. Some other groups of Native Americans living in Wisconsin by the time Europeans settled for the first time. They migrated to Wisconsin from the eastern part of the continent between 1500 and 1700.

The first European to visit what became Wisconsin might be the French explorer Jean Nicolet. He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, and traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay on the Red Bank. Pierre Radisson and des M├ędard Groseilliers visited Green Bay again at 1,654-1,666 and Chequamegon Bay in 1659-1660, where they traded for fur with local American Indians. In 1673, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first to record a trip in the Malacca Fox-Wisconsin Strait all the way to the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien. France such as Nicholas Perrot continued to ply fur trade in Wisconsin through the 17th and 18th centuries, but France did not make permanent settlements in Wisconsin before Britain won regional control after the French and Indian War in 1763.

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